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The specialist international beekeeping organisation
Bees and flowering plants have a mutually dependent relationship which has developed over the millennia in a way that benefits both the the plants and the insects; they both need each other.
The bees' food is provided entirely by the plants they visit. To attract the bees to the plant (and consequently as a reward for their pollination services) plants provide bees with nectar and pollen. Nectar is a food source rich in energy, and pollen is a source of protein, used by young bees. Honey bees turn the nectar into honey and store the pollen in the cells of the honeycomb. Storing food allows honey bees to survive in times of scarcity and across a wide range of habitats and climatic conditions, making the honey bee one of the earth's most adaptable species.
While honey bees and other insects are visiting flowers to feed, they spread pollen from one plant to another. This enables flowers to be fertilised and for seeds and fruit to form. People benefit greatly from the natural relationship between bees and plants. Insect pollination is the mechanism that allows us to harvest crops and seeds throughout the world and people frequently harvest surplus honey stored by bees. Other wildlife is sustained also so people are enriched in other ways too.
In most developing countries the main honey sources come from trees so the forest resources available to beekeepers are central to the amount of honey they are able to collect. Beekeepers can protect their honey harvest by protecting the trees and plants that give the bees both food and shelter. Many honey bearing trees have other useful purposes as well, so protecting trees not only helps the bees, but also improves and preserves the local environment and enhances other strands of the bee farmers' livelihood.
7 documents and 0 reference documents found
Assessing large-scale environmental risks for biodiversity with tested methods. ALARM Project is an EU-funded Project that began in February 2004 and is scheduled to run until January 2009. ...
ALARM Project University of Reading, Bees for Development, published 2006, Text on this website
Article In Bfd Journal (text file)
Kluser S., Neumann P., Chauzat M. and Pettis J., UNEP Global Issues Series, published 2010, PDF on this website
Report (pdf file) in English
GREAT NEWS FOR POLLINATORS Concerns about the worldwide decline in numbers of pollinator species have now been acknowledged internationally at the highest level. The Convention on Biological ...
Bees for Development, Bees for Development Journal Issue 65, published 2002
Article In Bfd Journal (text file) in English
Intimate Relationships Plants and their pollinators began evolving their intricate dance of co-dependency over 100 million years ago with the origin of the flowering plants angiosperms. ...
Peebles S., published 2009, Resonating Bodies is a series of integrated media installations, community outreach projects and educational initiatives which focuses on biodiversity of pollinators indigenous to the natural and urban ecosystems of Canada, with special focus on the city Toronto.
Article (text file) in English
Danilo Colomela (translation by Giulia Lepori), Bees for Development, published December 2019
By Professor John B Free CMG United Kingdom Part One 50 Pollination is the transfer of pollen from the anther of a flower to the stigma of the same or another flower. This process ...
Free J.B., published 1999, Bees for Development 50 51 53 10-11 6-7 4-5 Text on this website
Article In Bfd Journal (pdf file) in English
There are commercial beekeepers who sell pollination services in the UK. However there are a number of issues which you might wish to consider related to this topic. 1. In the past and in ...
Bees for Development, published 2009, Bees for Development Text on this website
Article (text file) in English
Plants are essential to the honey bees' life. The production of honey depends on an abundant supply of nectar and pollen producing plants within easy flight range of the bee colony. Nectar forms ...
Bees and flowering plants have a long relationship, developing together over the millennia in away that benefited both the plants and the insects and enabling both to survive better than they ...
No trees - no bees: no honey - no money Honeybees collect everything they need for life from plants. In other parts of this website the vital role of pollination is explained together with ...
Honey is produced from the nectar of plants mainly secreted by glands in flowers. Bees and plants have a long evolutionary relationship with colony development intimately linked with plant flowering ...